The History of Industrial Water Treatment

The beginnings of industrial water treatment were during the industrial revolution which took place in the 19th century. The initial stages of treatment started with the internal treatment of boiler water. The purpose at that time was to develop a way to generate steam. Research shows that there are patents that date back to 1857 on internal water treatment. Majority of the patents during this era involved the use of natural organic tannins for boiler scale control. There is an old wise tale that suggests the this all came about because a workman hung a bag of potatoes in the boiler and forgot about them. This was a problem because the boiler was just cleaned and the workman closed it up with the potatoes inside and they got cooked. It was an accident that caused the scale to built up in the boiler. Corrosion is another problem that industry water faced especially if the water wasn’t treated. The built of bacteria can become a problem too for water usage of untreated industry facilities. The well-known bacteria that has caused problems for some industries in the past is known as Legionella. If water is contained for an extensive time period, especially untreated water, this creates an environment for bacteria to grow and breed. The bacteria Legionella can be fatal if ingested which is the result of Legionnaire’s Disease.

The industrial water treatment process encompasses the following:

-Wastewater Effluent Treatment

-Boiler Water Treatment

-Cooling Water Treatment

-Water Purification

However, water treatment seeks to maintain the following problem areas:

-Scaling

-Corrosion

-Microbiological Activity

-Disposal of Residual Wastewater

Why is Industrial Water Treatment Important?

The treatment of water is very important to the industrial requirements. So much so that some research shows that there are four major branches. In the eyes of some business owners, water treatment is viewed as expensive and a luxury. However, it’s quite necessary. An important aspect of water treatment is making sure the process if effective, safe, and efficient. It was stated somewhere, that water is valued as the blood of all facilities because water breathes life into all facilities. The ultimate goal of a “complete water treatment program” is to operate in a way that efficiently transfers heat. The Association of Water Technologies (AWT) and many engineers would state that water is the best form or medium for heat transfer. Which brings me to my next point. Other research labels the four major problems areas that need to be maintained as the following:

-Corrosion Control

-Dirt and Debris Control

-Microbiological Control

-Scaling Control

 

Water treatment

The History of Water Treatment

Research shows that the incorporation of water treatment methods was first suggested back in 2000 BC; which can be found in the Ancient Greek’s writings. During this time frame, people had become knowledgeable about many different ways to purify their water to make it safe. The top method was to heat the water. Individuals knew that applying heat to their water would offer some type of safety precaution. The Greek’s continued to explore their options for making their water safer. Greek’s became educated on the factors that water can be treated through a filtration process by way of sand and gravel. Filtration is the process of filtering something. In this case, the filter would be considered as the sand and gravel. Straining was becoming increasingly popular as well. Another water treatment method that was gaining headway during this time period was the ideology of boiling water.

drinking water

The main objective for applying some type of water treatment method to water was to make better tasting drinking water. The causes for wanting a better tasting drinking water was because of the water being foul and turbidity filled. Foul smelling water during this era made it hard for individuals to establish whether their water was foul or clean. Turbidity is a process of a fluid becoming cloudy or hazy which is caused by a substantial amount of individual particles being suspended in the water that is usually invisible to the human’s naked eye. Know days, the measurement of turbidity is one of the major tests of water quality.

The Take Home Message

The treatment of industrial water is important just as is the treatment of drinking water. The water used in the industry is mainly for powering various different types and forms of equipment. Which leads to the idea that a company or organization should want the best and optimum water flowing through their plants and facilities because that allows for their machines and equipment to function smoothly, properly, and efficiently. The above mention statement tells you why, you as a company, need to treat your industry water. Industrial water treatment is a process that is put in place to help optimize most water water-based industry processing facilities to ensure that operating costs are reduced significantly for processes such as heating and cooling.

Untreated or improper industry water treatment allows for water to interact with the surfaces of various different machine parts which can cause a machine to break down and lead to higher operating costs. An example of this is using untreated water in a boiler that is used to produce steam. However, the use of improper industry water that is not treated will cultivate the built up of scale or even let corrosion settle into heavy machinery. The build-up of deposits will eventually lead to an increase in fuel usage. The inflation of fuel usage will increase the average fuel cost for that facility.

So, to save your company time and money get your industry water properly treated. Don’t cut corners to save a little on the first end because it’s going to cost you on the back end. Treated industrial water is a win-win for anyone or anything involved. With treated water you have a high functioning processing facility, the machines function better, your bottom line doesn’t fluctuate, and the environment benefits from industrial treated water.